ted演讲稿精选6篇-永利集团304am登录

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演讲稿具有逻辑严密,态度明确,观点鲜明的特点。在不断进步的社会中,接触并使用演讲稿的'人越来越多,大家知道演讲稿的格式吗?下面是差异网为大伙儿带来的6篇《ted演讲稿》,希望能为您的思路提供一些参考。

经典ted英语演讲稿 篇一

what i'd like to do today is talk about one of my favorite subjects, and that is the neuroscience of sleep.

now, there is a sound -- (alarm clock) -- aah, it worked -- a sound that is desperately, desperately familiar to most of us, and of course it's the sound of the alarm clock. and what that truly ghastly, awful sound does is stop the single most important behavioral experience that we have, and that's sleep. if you're an average sort of person, 36 percent of your life will be spent asleep, which means that if you live to 90, then 32 years will have been spent entirely asleep.

now what that 32 years is telling us is that sleep at some level is important. and yet, for most of us, we don't give sleep a second thought. we throw it away. we really just don't think about sleep. and so what i'd like to do today is change your views, change your ideas and your thoughts about sleep. and the journey that i want to take you on, we need to start by going back in time.

"enjoy the honey-heavy dew of slumber." any ideas who said that? shakespeare's julius caesar. yes, let me give you a few more quotes. "o sleep, o gentle sleep, nature's soft nurse, how have i frighted thee?" shakespeare again, from -- i won't say it -- the scottish play. [correction: henry iv, part 2] (laughter) from the same time: "sleep is the golden chain that ties health and our bodies together." extremely prophetic, by thomas dekker, another elizabethan dramatist.

but if we jump forward 400 years, the tone about sleep changes somewhat. this is from thomas edison, from the beginning of the 20th century. "sleep is a criminal waste of time and a heritage from our cave days." bang. (laughter) and if we also jump into the 1980s, some of you may remember that margaret thatcher was reported to have said, "sleep is for wimps." and of course the infamous -- what was his name? -- the infamous gordon gekko from "wall street" said, "money never sleeps."

what do we do in the 20th century about sleep? well, of course, we use thomas edison's light bulb to invade the night, and we occupied the dark, and in the process of this occupation, we've treated sleep as an illness, almost. we've treated it as an enemy. at most now, i suppose, we tolerate the need for sleep, and at worst perhaps many of us think of sleep as an illness that needs some sort of a cure. and our ignorance about sleep is really quite profound.

why is it? why do we abandon sleep in our thoughts? well, it's because you don't do anything much while you're asleep, it seems. you don't eat. you don't drink. and you don't have sex. well, most of us anyway. and so therefore it's -- sorry. it's a complete waste of time, right? wrong. actually, sleep is an incredibly important part of our biology, and neuroscientists are beginning to explain why it's so very important. so let's move to the brain.

now, here we have a brain. this is donated by a social scientist, and they said they didn't know what it was, or indeed how to use it, so -- (laughter) sorry. so i borrowed it. i don't think they noticed. okay. (laughter)

the point i'm trying to make is that when you're asleep, this thing doesn't shut down. in fact, some areas of the brain are actually more active during the sleep state than during the wake state. the other thing that's really important about sleep is that it doesn't arise from a single structure within the brain, but is to some extent a network property, and if we flip the brain on its back -- i love this little bit of spinal cord here -- this bit here is the hypothalamus, and right under there is a whole raft of interesting structures, not least the biological clock. the biological clock tells us when it's good to be up, when it's good to be asleep, and what that structure does is interact with a whole raft of other areas within the hypothalamus, the lateral hypothalamus, the ventrolateral preoptic nuclei. all of those combine, and they send projections down to the brain stem here. the brain stem then projects forward and bathes the cortex, this wonderfully wrinkly bit over here, with neurotransmitters that keep us awake and essentially provide us with our consciousness. so sleep arises from a whole raft of different interactions within the brain, and essentially, sleep is turned on and off as a result of a range of

okay. so where have we got to? we've said that sleep is complicated and it takes 32 years of our life. but what i haven't explained is what sleep is about. so why do we sleep? and it won't surprise any of you that, of course, the scientists, we don't have a consensus. there are dozens of different ideas about why we sleep, and i'm going to outline three of those.

the first is sort of the restoration idea, and it's somewhat intuitive. essentially, all the stuff we've burned up during the day, we restore, we replace, we rebuild during the night. and indeed, as an explanation, it goes back to aristotle, so that's, what, 2,300 years ago. it's gone in and out of fashion. it's fashionable at the moment because what's been shown is that within the brain, a whole raft of genes have been shown to be turned on only during sleep, and those genes are associated with restoration and metabolic pathways. so there's good evidence for the whole restoration hypothesis.

what about energy conservation? again, perhaps intuitive. you essentially sleep to save calories. now, when you do the sums, though, it doesn't really pan out. if you compare an individual who has slept at night, or stayed awake and hasn't moved very much, the energy saving of sleeping is about 110 calories a night. now, that's the equivalent of a hot dog bun. now, i would say that a hot dog bun is kind of a meager return for such a complicated and demanding behavior as sleep. so i'm less convinced by the energy conservation idea.

but the third idea i'm quite attracted to, which is brain processing and memory consolidation. what we know is that, if after you've tried to learn a task, and you sleep-deprive individuals, the ability to learn that task is smashed. it's really hugely attenuated. so sleep and memory consolidation is also very important. however, it's not just the laying down of memory and recalling it. what's turned out to be really exciting is that our ability to come up with novel solutions to complex problems is hugely enhanced by a night of sleep. in fact, it's been estimated to give us a threefold advantage. sleeping at night enhances our creativity. and what seems to be going on is that, in the brain, those neural connections that are important, those synaptic connections that are important, are linked and strengthened, while those that are less important tend to fade away and be less important.

okay. so we've had three explanations for why we might sleep, and i think the important thing to realize is that the details will vary, and it's probable we sleep for multiple different reasons. but sleep is not an indulgence. it's not some sort of thing that we can take on board rather casually. i think that sleep was once likened to an upgrade from economy to business class, you know, the equiavlent of. it's not even an upgrade from economy to first class. the critical thing to realize is that if you don't sleep, you don't fly. essentially, you never get there, and what's extraordinary about much of our society these days is that we are desperately sleep-deprived.

so let's now look at sleep deprivation. huge sectors of society are sleep-deprived, and let's look at our sleep-o-meter. so in the 1950s, good data suggests that most of us were getting around about eight hours of sleep a night. nowadays, we sleep one and a half to two hours less every night, so we're in the six-and-a-half-hours-every-night league. for teenagers, it's worse, much worse. they need nine hours for full brain performance, and many of them, on a school night, are only getting five hours of sleep. it's simply not enough. if we think about other sectors of society, the aged, if you are aged, then your ability to sleep in a single block is somewhat disrupted, and many sleep, again, less than five hours a night. shift work. shift work is extraordinary, perhaps 20 percent of the working population, and the body clock does not shift to the demands of working at night. it's locked onto the same light-dark cycle as the rest of us. so when the poor old shift worker is going home to try and sleep during the day, desperately tired, the body clock is saying, "wake up. this is the time to be awake." so the quality of sleep that you get as a night shift worker is usually very poor, again in that sort of five-hour region. and then, of course, tens of millions of people suffer from jet lag. so who here has jet lag? well, my goodness gracious. well, thank you very much indeed for not falling asleep, because that's what your brain is craving.

one of the things that the brain does is indulge in micro-sleeps, this involuntary falling asleep, and you have essentially no control over it. now, micro-sleeps can be sort of somewhat embarrassing, but they can also be deadly. it's been estimated that 31 percent of drivers will fall asleep at the wheel at least once in their life, and in the u.s., the statistics are pretty good: 100,000 accidents on the freeway have been associated with tiredness, loss of vigilance, and falling asleep. a hundred thousand a year. it's extraordinary. at another level of terror, we dip into the tragic accidents at chernobyl and indeed the space shuttle challenger, which was so tragically lost. and in the investigations that followed those disasters, poor judgment as a result of extended shift work and loss of vigilance and tiredness was attributed to a big chunk of those disasters.

so when you're tired, and you lack sleep, you have poor memory, you have poor creativity, you have increased impulsiveness, and you have overall poor judgment. but my friends, it's so much worse than that.

(laughter)

if you are a tired brain, the brain is craving things to wake it up. so drugs, stimulants. caffeine represents the stimulant of choice across much of the western world. much of the day is fueled by caffeine, and if you're a really naughty tired brain, nicotine. and of course, you're fueling the waking state with these stimulants, and then of course it gets to 11 o'clock at night, and the brain says to itself, "ah, well actually, i need to be asleep fairly shortly. what do we do about that when i'm feeling completely wired?" well, of course, you then resort to alcohol. now alcohol, short-term, you know, once or twice, to use to mildly sedate you, can be very useful. it can actually ease the sleep transition. but what you must be so aware of is that alcohol doesn't provide sleep, a biological mimic for sleep. it sedates you. so it actually harms some of the neural proccessing that's going on during memory consolidation and memory recall. so it's a short-term acute measure, but for goodness sake, don't become addicted to alcohol as a way of getting to sleep every night.

another connection between loss of sleep is weight gain. if you sleep around about five hours or less every night, then you have a 50 percent likelihood of being obese. what's the connection here? well, sleep loss seems to give rise to the release of the hormone ghrelin, the hunger hormone. ghrelin is released. it gets to the brain. the brain says, "i need carbohydrates," and what it does is seek out carbohydrates and particularly sugars. so there's a link between tiredness and the metabolic predisposition for weight gain.

stress. tired people are massively stressed. and one of the things of stress, of course, is loss of memory, which is what i sort of just then had a little lapse of. but stress is so much more. so if you're acutely stressed, not a great problem, but it's sustained stress associated with sleep loss that's the problem. so sustained stress leads to suppressed immunity, and so tired people tend to have higher rates of overall infection, and there's some very good studies showing that shift workers, for example, have higher rates of cancer. increased levels of stress throw glucose into the circulation. glucose becomes a dominant part of the vasculature and essentially you become glucose intolerant. therefore, diabetes 2. stress increases cardiovascular disease as a result of raising blood pressure. so there's a whole raft of things associated with sleep loss that are more than just a mildly impaired brain, which is where i think most people think that sleep loss resides.

so at this point in the talk, this is a nice time to think, well, do you think on the whole i'm getting enough sleep? so a quick show of hands. who feels that they're getting enough sleep here? oh. well, that's pretty impressive. good. we'll talk more about that later, about what are your tips.

so most of us, of course, ask the question, "well, how do i know whether i'm getting enough sleep?" well, it's not rocket science. if you need an alarm clock to get you out of bed in the morning, if you are taking a long time to get up, if you need lots of stimulants, if you're grumpy, if you're irritable, if you're told by your work colleagues that you're looking tired and irritable, chances are you are sleep-deprived. listen to them. listen to yourself.

what do you do? well -- and this is slightly offensive -- sleep for dummies: make your bedroom a haven for sleep. the first critical thing is make it as dark as you possibly can, and also make it slightly cool. very important. actually, reduce your amount of light exposure at least half an hour before you go to bed. light increases levels of alertness and will delay sleep. what's the last thing that most of us do before we go to bed? we stand in a massively lit bathroom looking into the mirror cleaning our teeth. it's the worst thing we can possibly do before we went to sleep. turn off those mobile phones. turn off those computers. turn off all of those things that are also going to excite the brain. try not to drink caffeine too late in the day, ideally not after lunch. now, we've set about reducing light exposure before you go to bed, but light exposure in the morning is very good at setting the biological clock to the light-dark cycle. so seek out morning light. basically, listen to yourself. wind down. do those sorts of things that you know are going to ease you off into the honey-heavy dew of slumber.

okay. that's some facts. what about some myths?

teenagers are lazy. no. poor things. they have a biological predisposition to go to bed late and get up late, so give them a break.

we need eight hours of sleep a night. that's an average. some people need more. some people need less. and what you need to do is listen to your body. do you need that much or do you need more? simple as that.

old people need less sleep. not true. the sleep demands of the aged do not go down. essentially, sleep fragments and becomes less robust, but sleep requirements do not go down.

and the fourth myth is, early to bed, early to rise makes a man healthy, wealthy and wise. well that's wrong at so many different levels. (laughter) there is no, no evidence that getting up early and going to bed early gives you more wealth at all. there's no difference in socioeconomic status. in my experience, the only difference between morning people and evening people is that those people that get up in the morning early are just horribly smug.

(laughter) (applause)

okay. so for the last part, the last few minutes, what i want to do is change gears and talk about some really new, breaking areas of neuroscience, which is the association between mental health, mental illness and sleep disruption. we've known for 130 years that in severe mental illness, there is always, always sleep disruption, but it's been largely ignored. in the 1970s, when people started to think about this again, they said, "yes, well, of course you have sleep disruption in schizophrenia because they're on anti-psychotics. it's the anti-psychotics causing the sleep problems," ignoring the fact that for a hundred years previously, sleep disruption had been reported before anti-psychotics.

so what's going on? lots of groups, several groups are studying conditions like depression, schizophrenia and bipolar, and what's going on in terms of sleep disruption. we have a big study which we published last year on schizophrenia, and the data were quite extraordinary. in those individuals with schizophrenia, much of the time, they were awake during the night phase and then they were asleep during the day. other groups showed no 24-hour patterns whatsoever. their sleep was absolutely smashed. and some had no ability to regulate their sleep by the light-dark cycle. they were getting up later and later and later and later each night. it was smashed.

so what's going on? and the really exciting news is that mental illness and sleep are not simply associated but they are physically linked within the brain. the neural networks that predispose you to normal sleep, give you normal sleep, and those that give you normal mental health are overlapping. and what's the evidence for that? well, genes that have been shown to be very important in the generation of normal sleep, when mutated, when changed, also predispose individuals to mental health problems. and last year, we published a study which showed that a gene that's been linked to schizophrenia, which, when mutated, also smashes the sleep. so we have evidence of a genuine mechanistic overlap between these two important systems.

other work flowed from these studies. the first was that sleep disruption actually precedes certain types of mental illness, and we've shown that in those young individuals who are at high risk of developing bipolar disorder, they already have a sleep abnormality prior to any clinical diagnosis of bipolar. the other bit of data was that sleep disruption may actually exacerbate, make worse the mental illness state. my colleague dan freeman has used a range of agents which have stabilized sleep and reduced levels of paranoia in those individuals by 50 percent.

so what have we got? we've got, in these connections, some really exciting things. in terms of the neuroscience, by understanding the neuroscience of these two systems, we're really beginning to understand how both sleep and mental illness are generated and regulated within the brain. the second area is that if we can use sleep and sleep disruption as an early warning signal, then we have the chance of going in. if we know that these individuals are vulnerable, early intervention then becomes possible. and the third, which i think is the most exciting, is that we can think of the sleep centers within the brain as a new therapeutic target. stabilize sleep in those individuals who are vulnerable, we can certainly make them healthier, but also alleviate some of the appalling symptoms of mental illness.

so let me just finish. what i started by saying is take sleep seriously. our attitudes toward sleep are so very different from a pre-industrial age, when we were almost wrapped in a duvet. we used to understand intuitively the importance of sleep. and this isn't some sort of crystal-waving nonsense. this is a pragmatic response to good health. if you have good sleep, it increases your concentration, attention, decision-making, creativity, social skills, health. if you get sleep, it reduces your mood changes, your stress, your levels of anger, your impulsivity, and your tendency to drink and take drugs. and we finished by saying that an understanding of the neuroscience of sleep is really informing the way we think about some of the causes of mental illness, and indeed is providing us new ways to treat these incredibly debilitating conditions.

jim butcher, the fantasy writer, said, "sleep is god. go worship." and i can only recommend that you do the same.

thank you for your attention.

(applause)

经典ted英语演讲稿 篇二

when you are a kid, you get asked this one particular question a lot, it really gets kind of annoying. what do you want to be when you grow up? now, adults are hoping for answers like, i want to be an astronaut or i want to be a neurosurgeon, you’re adults in your imaginations.

kids, they’re most likely to answer with pro-skateboarder, surfer or minecraft player. i asked my little brother, and he said, seriously dude, i’m 10, i have no idea, probably a pro-skier, let’s go get some ice cream.

see, us kids are going to answer something we’re stoked on, what we think is cool, what we have experience with, and that’s typically the opposite of what adults want to hear.

but if you ask a little kid, sometimes you’ll get the best answer, something so simple, so obvious and really profound. when i grow up, i want to be happy.

for me, when i grow up, i want to continue to be happy like i am now. i’m stoked to be here at tedex, i mean, i’ve been watching ted videos for as long as i can remember, but i never thought i’d make it on the stage here so soon. i mean, i just became a teenager, and like most teenage boys, i spend most of my time wondering, how did my room get so messy all on its own.

did i take a shower today? and the most perplexing of all, how do i get girls to like me? neurosciences say that the teenage brain is pretty weird, our prefrontal cortex is underdeveloped, but we actually have more neurons than adults, which is why we can be so creative, and impulsive and moody and get bummed out.

but what bums me out is to know that, a lot of kids today are just wishing to be happy, to be healthy, to be safe, not bullied, and be loved for who they are. so it seems to me when adults say, what do you want to be when you grow up? they just assume that you’ll automatically be happy and healthy.

well, maybe that’s not the case, go to school, go to college, get a job, get married, boom, then you’ll be happy, right? you don’t seem to make learning how to be happy and healthy a priority in our schools, it’s separate from schools. and for some kids, it doesn’t exists at all? but what if we didn’t make it separate? what if we based education on the study and practice of being happy and healthy, because that’s what it is, a practice, and a simple practice at that?

education is important, but why is being happy and healthy not considered education, i just don’t get it. so i’ve been studying the science of being happy and healthy. it really comes down to practicing these eight things. exercise, diet and nutrition, time in nature, contribution, service to others, relationships, recreation, relaxation and stress management, and religious or spiritual involvement, yes, got that one.

so these eight things come from dr. roger walsh, he calls them therapeutic lifestyle changes or tlcs for short. he is a scientist that studies how to be happy and healthy. in researching this talk, i got a chance to ask him a few questions like; do you think that our schools today are making these eight tlcs a priority? his response was no surprise, it was essentially no. but he did say that many people do try to get this kind of education outside of the traditional arena, through reading and practices such as meditation or yoga.

but what i thought was his best response was that, much of education is oriented for better or worse towards making a living rather than making a life.

in 2006, sir ken robinson gave the most popular ted talk of all time. schools kill creativity. his message is that creativity is as important as literacy, and we should treat it with the same status.

a lot of parents watched those videos, some of those parents like mine counted it as one of the reasons they felt confident to pull their kids from traditional school to try something different. i realized i’m part of this small, but growing revolution of kids who are going about their education differently, and you know what? it freaks a lot of people out.

even though i was only nine, when my parents pulled me out of the school system, i can still remember my mom being in tears when some of her friends told her she was crazy and it was a stupid idea.

looking back, i’m thankful she didn’t cave to peer pressure, and i think she is too. so, out of the 200 million people that have watched sir ken robinson’s talk, why aren’t there more kids like me out there?

shane mcconkey is my hero. i loved him because he was the world’s best skier. but then, one day i realized what i really loved about shane, he was a hacker. not a computer hacker, he hacked skiing. his creativity and inventions made skiing what it is today, and why i love to ski. a lot of people think of hackers as geeky computer nerds who live in their parent’s basement and spread computer viruses, but i don’t see it that way.

经典ted英语演讲稿 篇三

people returning to work after a career break: i call them relaunchers. these are people who have taken career breaks for elder care, for childcare reasons, pursuing a personal interest or a personal health issue. closely related are career transitioners of all kinds: veterans, military spouses, retirees coming out of retirement or repatriating expats. returning to work after a career break is hard because of a disconnect between the employers and the relaunchers. employers can view hiring people with a gap on their resume as a high-risk proposition, and individuals on career break can have doubts about their abilities to relaunch their careers, especially if they've been out for a long time. this disconnect is a problem that i'm trying to help solve.

有些人经过离职长假之后 重新投入到工作中来, 我称他们为“再从业者”。 这些人选择休离职长假, 有些是要照顾老人, 有些是要照顾孩子, 也有些是追求个人爱好, 或是健康因素。 各行各业转业的人 都与之紧密相关: 退伍军人、军嫂, 退休返聘的人, 或遣返回国者。 离职长假后重返工作 是非常困难的, 因为雇主和再从业者之间 有了隔阂。 雇主们认为,雇佣这些 简历上工作时间不连贯的人 是风险极高的决策, 而正在离职长假中的人 可能对自己再从业的能力产生疑虑, 特别是那些离职时间较长者。 两者间的缺乏联系 是我在尝试解决的问题。

now, successful relaunchers are everywhere and in every field. this is sami kafala. he's a nuclear physicist in the uk who took a five-year career break to be home with his five children. the singapore press recently wrote about nurses returning to work after long career breaks. and speaking of long career breaks, this is mimi kahn. she's a social worker in orange county, california, who returned to work in a social services organization after a 25-year career break. that's the longest career break that i'm aware of. supreme court justice sandra day o'connor took a five-year career break early in her career.

如今,我们在各行各业 都能见到成功的再从业者。 这位是萨米·科法拉, 他是英国的一位核物理学家, 因为要在家照顾五个孩子 而度过了五年的离职长假。 新加坡的媒体最近发表了文章, 内容是有关离职长假后再从业的护士。 提到长时间的离职假期, 这位是米米·卡恩, 她是加州奥兰治县的一位社工, 她在度过20xx年的离职长假后 回到了一个社会服务组织工作。 这是据我所知最长的离职假期。 最高法院法官桑德拉·戴·奥康纳, 在其职业生涯早期 度过了五年离职长假。

and this is tracy shapiro, who took a 13-year career break. tracy answered a call for essays by the today show from people who were trying to return to work but having a difficult time of it. tracy wrote in that she was a mom of five who loved her time at home, but she had gone through a divorce and needed to return to work, plus she really wanted to bring work back into her life because she loved working. tracy was doing what so many of us do when we feel like we've put in a good day in the job search. she was looking for a finance or accounting role, and she had just spent the last nine months very diligently researching companies online and applying for jobs with no results.

这位是特蕾西·莎碧罗, 她度过了20xx年的离职长假。 特蕾西答复了从“今日秀”节目观众中 征集到的问题, 他们想要重返工作, 却发现很难做到。 特蕾西写道:自己是五个孩子的母亲, 也很享受居家的时间, 但是她历经了一次离婚, 并且急需回到工作状态, 另外,她很想把工作 带回她的生活中, 因为她也很享受工作。 特蕾西也曾做过 我们很多人所做的事, 每天不停的搜寻合适的工作。 她找过财经、会计领域的职位, 她在那之前花掉了九个月时间, 很努力地调查网上的公司, 然后投放简历,却一无所获。

i met tracy in june of 20xx, when the today show asked me if i could work with her to see if i could help her turn things around. the first thing i told tracy was she had to get out of the house. i told her she had to go public with her job search and tell everyone she knew about her interest in returning to work. i also told her, "you are going to have a lot of conversations that don't go anywhere. expect that, and don't be discouraged by it. there will be a handful that ultimately lead to a job opportunity."

我在20xx年六月见到了特蕾西, 那时“今日秀”节目 问我可否与她合作, 看我能不能帮她走出困境。 我告诉特蕾西的第一件事, 就是她必须走出家门。 我告诉她,她必须 公开自己求职的想法, 然后告诉她认识的所有人, 自己再从业的强烈意愿。 我还告诉她, “有很多你参与的对话 是对你完全没有帮助的。 你要做好心理准备, 别因为那些而灰心丧气。 找到工作机会之前, 确实要经历很多琐事。”

i'll tell you what happened with tracy in a little bit, but i want to share with you a discovery that i made when i was returning to work after my own career break of 11 years out of the full-time workforce. and that is, that people's view of you is frozen in time. what i mean by this is, when you start to get in touch with people and you get back in touch with those people from the past, the people with whom you worked or went to school, they are going to remember you as you were before your career break. and that's even if your sense of self has diminished over time, as happens with so many of us the farther removed we are from our professional identities. so for example, you might think of yourself as someone who looks like this. this is me, crazy after a day of driving around in my minivan. or here i am in the kitchen. but those people from the past, they don't know about any of this. they only remember you as you were, and it's a great confidence boost to be back in touch with these people and hear their enthusiasm about your interest in returning to work.

我稍后再告诉你们 特蕾西是如何处理的, 我想先跟大家分享 我的一个发现, 那时我刚刚回到工作中, 结束了自己离开全职工作大军 20xx年的长假。 这个发现就是, 人们对你的印象凝固在过去。 我的意思是, 当你再次开始与人打交道, 与曾经合作过的人重新接触, 例如跟你一起上学、工作过的人, 他们对你的印象是 离职长假之前的你。 我们的自我意识 随着时间推移逐渐淡化, 我们很多人都会这样, 我们距离我们的职业身份 也就越来越远。 举个例子, 你可能把你自己看成这样。 这就是我,开了一天小面包车, 整个人感觉很疯狂。 这是我在厨房里的样子。 但是从前的那些人, 他们对这些一无所知。 他们只记得你曾经的样子, 当你重新与这些人沟通时, 真是大大的增强了自信心, 而且他们对你有再从业的兴趣 感到非常的开心。

there's one more thing i remember vividly from my own career break. and that was that i hardly kept up with the business news. my background is in finance, and i hardly kept up with any news when i was home caring for my four young children. so i was afraid i'd go into an interview and start talking about a company that didn't exist anymore. so i had to resubscribe to the wall street journal and read it for a good six months cover to cover before i felt like i had a handle on what was going on in the business world again.

我还清晰地记得发生在 我离职长假中的一件事。 那时我几乎完全不关注经济新闻。 我曾是财经行业出身, 然而我在家照顾四个孩子时, 我几乎不关注任何的新闻。 所以我很害怕, 自己去参加面试的时候, 会讲到一个不复存在的公司。 所以我重新订阅了华尔街日报, 然后连续看了六个月, 之后我才觉得自己对经济 又有了点解了。

i believe relaunchers are a gem of the workforce, and here's why. think about our life stage: for those of us who took career breaks for childcare reasons, we have fewer or no maternity leaves. we did that already. we have fewer spousal or partner job relocations. we're in a more settled time of life. we have great work experience. we have a more mature perspective. we're not trying to find ourselves at an employer's expense. plus we have an energy, an enthusiasm about returning to work precisely because we've been away from it for a while.

我相信再从业者是 劳动大军中的精英, 原因如下。 想想我们人生的阶段: 对于那些因为要照顾孩子 而休离职假期的人, 大都没有产假,或是产假很短。 我们早就做过这些了。 我们离婚率较低, 也很少因伴侣而调整工作。 我们的生活更稳定。 我们有很棒的工作经历, 更成熟的眼光, 我们不会成为雇主的牺牲品。 此外,我们有一种能量 - 重返岗位的热情, 正是因为我们离职一段时间了。 另外,我也跟雇主讨论,

on the flip side, i speak with employers, and here are two concerns that employers have about hiring relaunchers.

以下是雇主们 关于雇佣再从业者的两个担忧。

the first one is, employers are worried that relaunchers are technologically obsolete. now, i can tell you, having been technologically obsolete myself at one point, that it's a temporary condition. i had done my financial analysis so long ago that i used lotus 1-2-3. i don't know if anyone can even remember back that far, but i had to relearn it on excel. it actually wasn't that hard. a lot of the commands are the same. i found powerpoint much more challenging, but now i use powerpoint all the time. i tell relaunchers that employers expect them to come to the table with a working knowledge of basic office management software. and if they're not up to speed, then it's their responsibility to get there. and they do.

其一,雇主担心这些再从业者 技术方面比较落后。 我可以告诉各位, 虽然有段时间我自己技术确实落后, 但那只是暂时的。 很早以前我用“莲花123”软件 来做财经分析, 我不知道有没有人还记得 那么早以前的事了, 这些技能我得在 excel上重新拾起。 其实这并并非难事, 很多的操作指令是一样的。 我发现powerpoint更具挑战性, 但现在我对powerpoint驾轻就熟。 我告诉再从业者们, 雇主希望找工作的人 对基本的办公管理软件 有实践经验。 如果他们操作速度不够快, 那他们就必须变得更高效。 而他们确实做得到。

the second area of concern that employers have about relaunchers is they're worried that relaunchers don't know what they want to do. i tell relaunchers that they need to do the hard work to figure out whether their interests and skills have changed or have not changed while they have been on career break. that's not the employer's job. it's the relauncher's responsibility to demonstrate to the employer where they can add the most value.

雇主对再从业者的第二种忧虑, 就是他们担心再从业者 不清楚他们想要做什么。 我告诉再从业者, 他们必须仔细研究, 了解自己的爱好或者技能 在离职长假的过程中 是否发生了变化。 这不是雇主的职责。 这个是再从业者的责任, 把自己展现给雇主, 来充分展示自己可创造的价值。

back in 20xx i started noticing something. i had been tracking return to work programs since 20xx, and in 20xx, i started noticing the use of a short-term paid work opportunity, whether it was called an internship or not, but an internship-like experience, as a way for professionals to return to work. i saw goldman sachs and sara lee start corporate reentry internship programs. i saw a returning engineer, a nontraditional reentry candidate, apply for an entry-level internship program in the military, and then get a permanent job afterward. i saw two universities integrate internships into mid-career executive education programs.

20xx年,我开始注意到一件事。 我从20xx年开始追踪 人们重返岗位的情况, 然而在20xx年,我开始注意到, 一种短期、带薪的工作机会开始出现, 不论它是不是名叫“实习”, 但总之是一个很像实习的经历, 这为重回岗位的专业人士 开辟了一条道路。 我看到高盛和莎莉集团 都开始了此类 二次从业的实习项目。 我看到一个再从业的工程师, 算是不太传统的再从业人士, 申请了一个 军方的初级实习项目, 后来他获得了一个永久的工作。 我看到两所大学 将实习项目整合到 职业中期管理学教育项目中。

so i wrote a report about what i was seeing, and it became this article for harvard business review called "the 40-year-old intern." i have to thank the editors there for that title, and also for this artwork where you can see the 40-year-old intern in the midst of all the college interns. and then, courtesy of fox business news, they called the concept "the 50-year-old intern."

于是,就我所观察到的现象, 我写了一篇报告, 后来它发表在了 《哈佛商业评论》中, 名字叫《40岁的实习生》。 我必须得感谢编者拟的标题, 还有这个很棒的配图, 你们可以看到那个40岁的实习生 出现在一群大学实习生中。 后来,还得感谢福克斯商业新闻, 他们把这个概念称为 “50岁的实习生”。

so five of the biggest financial services companies have reentry internship programs for returning finance professionals. and at this point, hundreds of people have participated. these internships are paid, and the people who move on to permanent roles are commanding competitive salaries. and now, seven of the biggest engineering companies are piloting reentry internship programs for returning engineers as part of an initiative with the society of women engineers. now, why are companies embracing the reentry internship? because the internship allows the employer to base their hiring decision on an actual work sample instead of a series of interviews, and the employer does not have to make that permanent hiring decision until the internship period is over. this testing out period removes the perceived risk that some managers attach to hiring relaunchers, and they are attracting excellent candidates who are turning into great hires.

五家最大的金融服务公司 都设立了再从业实习项目, 专为重回岗位的金融精英。 截至目前,数百人参与了这些项目。 这些实习项目是带薪的, 而且那些晋升到永久岗位的人, 都有极具竞争力的薪资。 现在,七家最大的工程公司, 也在推行再从业实习项目, 来帮助重返岗位的工程师, 这也是女性工程师协会 新方案的一部分。 那么,为什么这些企业 大力支持再从业实习呢? 因为这种实习可以让雇主 基于参与者实际工作成效 来做出雇佣决策, 而非一系列的面试, 而且雇主不必在实习结束之前 就做出永久雇佣的决定。 这段试验期消除了一定的风险, 这关乎某些经理人 对雇佣再从业者的担忧, 同时,这也吸引了大量再从业人士, 他们成为了出色的雇佣对象。

think about how far we have come. before this, most employers were not interested in engaging with relaunchers at all. but now, not only are programs being developed specifically with relaunchers in mind, but you can't even apply for these programs unless you have a gap on your résumé。

各位,想一想我们取得的进步, 在此之前,大多数雇主 根本没兴趣与再从业者打交道。 然而现在,有许多项目在开展实施, 特别是针对再从业者的项目, 如果简历上没有一段空档期, 你根本不能申请这些项目。

this is the mark of real change, of true institutional shift, because if we can solve this problem for relaunchers, we can solve it for other career transitioners too. in fact, an employer just told me that their veterans return to work program is based on their reentry internship program. and there's no reason why there can't be a retiree internship program. different pool, same concept.

这标志着一种实质变化, 一种真正的制度变革, 因为如果我们可以 为再从业者解决这个问题, 我们亦可为其他的职业转型者 解决同样的问题。 事实上,一位雇主刚刚告诉我, 他们的“退伍军人再从业项目”, 就是基于他们的再从业实习项目。 我们也没有理由不去设立 一个“退休人士实习项目”。 不同的对象,相同的概念。

so let me tell you what happened with tracy shapiro. remember that she had to tell everyone she knew about her interest in returning to work. well, one critical conversation with another parent in her community led to a job offer for tracy, and it was an accounting job in a finance department. but it was a temp job. the company told her there was a possibility it could turn into something more, but no guarantees. this was in the fall of 20xx. tracy loved this company, and she loved the people and the office was less than 10 minutes from her house. so even though she had a second job offer at another company for a permanent full-time role, she decided to take her chances with this internship and hope for the best. well, she ended up blowing away all of their expectations, and the company not only made her a permanent offer at the beginning of 20xx, but they made it even more interesting and challenging, because they knew what tracy could handle.

让我告诉你们特蕾西·莎碧罗 最后发生了什么。 各位回想一下, 她必须告诉她认识的每一个人, 自己对重返工作岗位很有兴趣。 结果,她与自己社区里的长辈 进行了一次关键的谈话, 这让她找到了一份工作邀请。 那是一个金融部门的会计工作。 但那是临时的。 公司告诉她, 有可能有岗位晋升的机会, 但是不能保证。 那是20xx年的秋天。 特蕾西很爱那个公司, 而且她喜欢那里的员工, 从办公室去她家只需10分钟。 所以即使她后来得到了 第二份工作邀请, 来自另一家公司, 而且有永久、全职的保证, 她决定在这份实习项目中冒冒险, 尽人事,听天命。 最后,她的业绩 远远超出了所有人的期望值, 公司不但提供了她永久岗位, 那是在20xx年初, 而且他们还让她的工作 更加有趣、有挑战性, 因为他们知道特蕾西可以办得到。

fast forward to 20xx, tracy's been promoted. they've paid for her to get her mba at night. she's even hired another relauncher to work for her. tracy's temp job was a tryout, just like an internship, and it ended up being a win for both tracy and her employer.

时间快进到20xx年, 特蕾西获得了晋升。 公司为她的夜校工商管理课程买单。 她甚至雇佣了 另一位再从业者为她工作。 特蕾西的临时工作像是一个试验, 就像实习项目, 而最终,特蕾西和她的雇主 达到了双赢局面。

now, my goal is to bring the reentry internship concept to more and more employers. but in the meantime, if you are returning to work after a career break, don't hesitate to suggest an internship or an internship-like arrangement to an employer that does not have a formal reentry internship program. be their first success story, and you can be the example for more relaunchers to come.

我的目标是将这种 再从业实习的概念 推荐给越来越多的雇主。 但是与此同时, 如果你在离职长假后重返岗位, 别犹豫向雇主提议设立实习项目, 或者类似实习项目的想法, 特别是那些没有 正式的再从业实习项目的公司。 争当他们的第一个成功故事, 而你们都可以成为 未来更多再从业者的楷模。

thank you.

谢谢大家。

ted中英文演讲稿 篇四

she told me a lot of things, for example, she and her teacher. between students, these things let me know she is a girl of heart is very wide, can always go to others. it was also because of her generous, her tolerance, let us go closer, she always can tolerate everything of mine, if i said hard words again, she still endure to endure. finally one day, i can't help but ask her: "you never angry?" she is still a face of smile ground to say: "what things should come to your senses, how to tolerate others, actually is also a good way to treasure the friendship, which is beneficial to oneself, you're right!" listen to her words, i also learned to tolerance, learned to take a step back.

she also have a gift for painting, usually can get something, drawing, it makes me admire her. she told me: "as long as the heart, you also can do a good job." i learned to do a good job in every thing by heart.

she taught me a lot, but most of them are of some minor in life, but it let me change a lot.

moment of parting is always painful, tearfully bid farewell to you, my dear friends, at this moment, i just want to say to you: "thank you, this is my confession, inner, which really! though we are far away from the, but our hearts are linked together, forever, because you are my best friend."

经典ted英语演讲稿 篇五

when i was nine years old i went off to summer camp for the first time。 and my mother packed me a suitcase full of books, which to me seemed like a perfectly natural thing to do。 because in my family, reading was the primary group activity。 and this might sound antisocial to you, but for us it was really just a different way of being social。 you have the animal warmth of your family sitting right next to you, but you are also free to go roaming around the adventureland inside your own mind。 and i had this idea that camp was going to be just like this, but better。 (laughter) i had a vision of 10 girls sitting in a cabin cozily reading books in their matching nightgowns。

当我九岁的时候 我第一次去参加夏令营 我妈妈帮我整理好了我的行李箱 里面塞满了书 这对于我来说是一件极为自然的事情 因为在我的家庭里 阅读是主要的家庭活动 听上去你们可能觉得我们是不爱交际的 但是对于我的家庭来说这真的只是接触社会的另一种途径 你们有自己家庭接触时的温暖亲情 家人静坐在你身边 但是你也可以自由地漫游 在你思维深处的冒险乐园里我有一个想法 野营会变得像这样子,当然要更好些 (笑声) 我想象到十个女孩坐在一个小屋里 都穿着合身的女式睡衣惬意地享受着读书的过程

(laughter)

(笑声)

camp was more like a keg party without any alcohol。 and on the very first day our counselor gathered us all together and she taught us a cheer that she said we would be doing every day for the rest of the summer to instill camp spirit。 and it went like this: "r—o—w—d—i—e, that's the way we spell rowdie。 rowdie, rowdie, let's get rowdie。" yeah。 so i couldn't figure out for the life of me why we were supposed to be so rowdy, or why we had to spell this word incorrectly。 (laughter) but i recited a cheer。 i recited a cheer along with everybody else。 i did my best。 and i just waited for the time that i could go off and read my books。

野营这时更像是一个不提供酒水的派对聚会 在第一天的时候呢 我们的顾问把我们都集合在一起 并且她教会了我们一种今后要用到的庆祝方式 在余下夏令营的每一天中 让“露营精神”浸润我们 之后它就像这样继续着 r—o—w—d—i—e 这是我们拼写“吵闹"的口号 我们唱着“噪音,喧闹,我们要变得吵一点” 对,就是这样 可我就是弄不明白我的生活会是什么样的 为什么我们变得这么吵闹粗暴 或者为什么我们非要把这个单词错误地拼写 (笑声) 但是我可没有忘记庆祝。我与每个人都互相欢呼庆祝了 我尽了我最大的努力 我只是想等待那一刻 我可以离开吵闹的聚会去捧起我挚爱的书

but the first time that i took my book out of my suitcase, the coolest girl in the bunk came up to me and she asked me, "why are you being so mellow?" —— mellow, of course, being the exact opposite of r—o—w—d—i—e。 and then the second time i tried it, the counselor came up to me with a concerned expression on her face and she repeated the point about camp spirit and said we should all work very hard to be outgoing。

但是当我第一次把书从行李箱中拿出来的时候 床铺中最酷的那个女孩向我走了过来 并且她问我:“为什么你要这么安静?” 安静,当然,是r—o—w—d—i—e的反义词 “喧闹”的反义词 而当我第二次拿书的时候 我们的顾问满脸忧虑的向我走了过来 接着她重复了关于“露营精神”的要点并且说我们都应当努力 去变得外向些

and so i put my books away, back in their suitcase, and i put them under my bed, and there they stayed for the rest of the summer。 and i felt kind of guilty about this。 i felt as if the books needed me somehow, and they were calling out to me and i was forsaking them。but i did forsake them and i didn't open that suitcase again until i was back home with my family at the end of the summer。

于是我放好我的书 放回了属于它们的行李箱中 并且我把它们放到了床底下 在那里它们度过了暑假余下的每一天 我对这样做感到很愧疚 不知为什么我感觉这些书是需要我的 它们在呼唤我,但是我却放弃了它们 我确实放下了它们,并且我再也没有打开那个箱子 直到我和我的家人一起回到家中 在夏末的时候

now, i tell you this story about summer camp。 i could have told you 50 others just like it ——all the times that i got the message that somehow my quiet and introverted style of beingwas not necessarily the right way to go, that i should be trying to pass as more of an extrovert。 and i always sensed deep down that this was wrong and that introverts were pretty excellent just as they were。 but for years i denied this intuition, and so i became a wall street lawyer, of all things, instead of the writer that i had always longed to be —— partly because i needed to prove to myself that i could be bold and assertive too。 and i was always going off to crowded bars when i really would have preferred to just have a nice dinner with friends。 and i made these self—negating choices so reflexively, that i wasn't even aware that i was making them。

现在,我向你们讲述这个夏令营的故事 我完全可以给你们讲出其他50种版本就像这个一样的故事—— 每当我感觉到这样的时候 它告诉我出于某种原因,我的宁静和内向的风格 并不是正确道路上的必需品 我应该更多地尝试一个外向者的角色 而在我内心深处感觉得到,这是错误的内向的人们都是非常优秀的,确实是这样 但是许多年来我都否认了这种直觉 于是我首先成为了华尔街的一名律师 而不是我长久以来想要成为的一名作家 一部分原因是因为我想要证明自己 也可以变得勇敢而坚定 并且我总是去那些拥挤的酒吧 当我只是想要和朋友们吃一顿愉快的晚餐时 我做出了这些自我否认的抉择 如条件反射一般 甚至我都不清楚我做出了这些决定

now this is what many introverts do, and it's our loss for sure, but it is also our colleagues' loss and our communities' loss。 and at the risk of sounding grandiose, it is the world's loss。 because when it comes to creativity and to leadership, we need introverts doing what they do best。 a third to a half of the population are introverts —— a third to a half。 so that's one out of every two or three people you know。 so even if you're an extrovert yourself, i'm talking about your coworkers and your spouses and your childrenand the person sitting next to you right now —— all of them subject to this bias that is pretty deep and real in our society。 we all internalize it from a very early age without even having a language for what we're doing。

这就是很多内向的人正在做的事情 这当然是我们的损失 但这同样也是同事们的损失 我们所在团队集体的损失 当然,冒着被指为夸大其词的风险我想说,更是世界的损失 因为当涉及创造和领导的时候 我们需要内向的人做到最好 三分之一到二分之一的人都是内向的—— 三分之一到二分之一 你要知道这可意味着每两到三个人中就有一个内向的 所以即使你自己是一个外向的人 我正在说你的同事 和你的配偶和你的孩子 还有现在正坐在你旁边的那个家伙—— 他们都要屈从于这样的偏见 一种在我们的社会中已经扎根的现实偏见 我们从很小的时候就把它藏在内心最深处 甚至都不说几句话,关于永利集团304am登录正在做的事情。

now to see the bias clearly you need to understand what introversion is。 it's different from being shy。 shyness is about fear of social judgment。 introversion is more about, how do you respond to stimulation, including social stimulation。 so extroverts really crave large amounts of stimulation, whereas introverts feel at their most alive and their most switched—on and their most capable when they're in quieter, more low—key environments。not all the time —— these things aren't absolute —— but a lot of the time。 so the key then to maximizing our talents is for us all to put ourselves in the zone of stimulation that is right for us。

现在让我们来清楚地看待这种偏见 我们需要真正了解“内向”到底指什么 它和害羞是不同的 害羞是对于社会评论的恐惧 内向更多的是 你怎样对于刺激作出回应 包括来自社会的刺激 其实内向的人是很渴求大量的鼓舞和激励的 反之内向者最感觉到他们的存在 这是他们精力最充足的时候,最具有能力的时候 当他们存在于更安静的,更低调的环境中 并不是所有时候——这些事情都不是绝对的—— 但是存在于很多时候 所以说,关键在于 把我们的天赋发挥到最大化 这对于我们来说就足够把我们自己 放到对于我们正确又合适的激励的区域中去

but now here's where the bias comes in。 our most important institutions, our schools and our workplaces, they are designed mostly for extroverts and for extroverts' need for lots of stimulation。 and also we have this belief system right now that i call the new groupthink,which holds that all creativity and all productivity comes from a very oddly gregarious place。

但是现在偏见出现了 我们最重要的那些体系 我们的学校和工作单位 它们都是为性格外向者设计的 并且有适合他们需要的刺激和鼓励 当然我们现在也有这样一种信用机制 我称它为新型的“团队思考” 这是一种包含所有创造力和生产力的思考方式 从一个社交非常零散的地方产生的

so if you picture the typical classroom nowadays: when i was going to school, we sat in rows。 we sat in rows of desks like this, and we did most of our work pretty autonomously。but nowadays, your typical classroom has pods of desks —— four or five or six or seven kids all facing each other。 and kids are working in countless group assignments。 even in subjects like math and creative writing, which you think would depend on solo flights of thought, kids are now expected to act as committee members。 and for the kids who preferto go off by themselves or just to work alone, those kids are seen as outliers often or, worse, as problem cases。 and the vast majority of teachers reports believing that the ideal student is an extrovert as opposed to an introvert, even though introverts actually get better grades and are more knowledgeable, according to research。 (laughter)

当你描绘今天典型教室的图案时 当我还上学的时候 我们一排排地坐着 我们靠着桌子一排排坐着就像这样 并且我们大多数工作都是自觉完成的 但是在现代社会,所谓典型的教室 是些圈起来并排的桌子—— 四个或是五个或是六、七个孩子坐在一起,面对面 孩子们要完成无数个小组任务 甚至像数学和创意写作这些课程 这些你们认为需要依靠个人闪光想法的课程 孩子们现在却被期待成为小组会的成员 对于那些喜欢 独处,或者自己一个人工作的孩子来说 这些孩子常常被视为局外人 或者更糟,被视为问题孩子 并且很大一部分老师的报告中都相信 最理想的学生应该是外向的 相对于内向的学生而言 甚至说外向的学生能够取得更好的成绩 更加博学多识据研究报道 (笑声)

okay, same thing is true in our workplaces。 now, most of us work in open plan offices,without walls, where we are subject to the constant noise and gaze of our coworkers。 and when it comes to leadership, introverts are routinely passed over for leadership positions,even though introverts tend to be very careful, much less likely to take outsize risks ——which is something we might all favor nowadays。 and interesting research by adam grant at the wharton school has found that introverted leaders often deliver better outcomes than extroverts do, because when they are managing proactive employees, they're much more likely to let those employees run with their ideas, whereas an extrovert can, quite unwittingly, get so excited about things that they're putting their own stamp on things, and other people's ideas might not as easily then bubble up to the surface。

好了。同样的事情也发生在我们工作的地方 现在呢,我们中的绝大多数都工作在宽阔没有隔间的办公室里 甚至没有墙 在这里,我们暴露 在不断的噪音和我们同事的凝视目光下工作 而当谈及领袖气质的时候 内向的人总是按照惯例从领导的位置被忽视了 尽管内向的人是非常小心仔细的 很少去冒特大的风险—— 这些风险是今天我们可能都喜欢的 宾夕法尼亚大学沃顿商学院的亚当·格兰特教授做了一项很有意思的研究 这项研究表明内向的领导们 相对于外向领导而言总是会生产更大的效益 因为当他们管理主动积极的雇员的时候 他们更倾向于让有主见的雇员去自由发挥 反之外向的领导就可能,当然是不经意的 对于事情变得十分激动 他们在事务上有了自己想法的印迹 这使其他人的想法可能就不会很容易地 在舞台上发光了

now in fact, some of our transformative leaders in history have been introverts。 i'll give you some examples。 eleanor roosevelt, rosa parks, gandhi —— all these peopled described themselves as quiet and soft—spoken and even shy。 and they all took the spotlight, even though every bone in their bodies was telling them not to。 and this turns out to have a special power all its own, because people could feel that these leaders were at the helm,not because they enjoyed directing others and not out of the pleasure of being looked at;they were there because they had no choice, because they were driven to do what they thought was right。

事实上,历史上一些有改革能力的领袖都是内向的人 我会举一些例子给你们 埃莉诺·罗斯福,罗沙·帕克斯,甘地 —— 所有这些人都把自己描述成 内向,说话温柔甚至是害羞的人 他们仍然站在了聚光灯下 即使他们浑身上下 都感知他们说不要 这证明是一种属于它自身的特殊的力量因为人们都会感觉这些领导者同时是掌舵者 并不是因为他们喜欢指挥别人 抑或是享受众人目光的聚焦 他们处在那个位置因为他们没有选择 因为他们行驶在他们认为正确的道路上

now i think at this point it's important for me to say that i actually love extroverts。 i always like to say some of my best friends are extroverts, including my beloved husband。 and we all fall at different points, of course, along the introvert/extrovert spectrum。 even carl jung, the psychologist who first popularized these terms, said that there's no such thing as a pure introvert or a pure extrovert。 he said that such a man would be in a lunatic asylum, if he existed at all。 and some people fall smack in the middle of the introvert/extrovert spectrum, and we call these people ambiverts。 and i often think that they have the best of all worlds。 but many of us do recognize ourselves as one type or the other。

现在我觉得对于这点我有必要说 那就是我真的喜爱外向的人 我总是喜欢说我最好的几个朋友都是外向的人 包括我亲爱的丈夫 当然了我们都会在不同点时偏向 内向者/外向者的'范围 甚至是卡尔·荣格,这个让这些名词为大众所熟知的心理学家,说道 世上绝没有一个纯粹的内向的人 或者一个纯粹的外向的人 他说这样的人会在精神病院里 如果他存在的话 还有一些人处在中间的迹象 在内向与外向之间 我们称这些人为“中向性格者” 并且我总是认为他们拥有世界最美好的一切 但是我们中的大多数总是认为自己属于内向或者外向,其中一类

and what i'm saying is that culturally we need a much better balance。 we need more of a yin and yang between these two types。 this is especially important when it comes to creativity and to productivity, because when psychologists look at the lives of the most creative people, what they find are people who are very good at exchanging ideas and advancing ideas, but who also have a serious streak of introversion in them。

同时我想说从文化意义上讲我们需要一种更好的平衡 我们需要更多的阴阳的平衡 在这两种类型的人之间 这点是极为重要的 当涉及创造力和生产力的时候 因为当心理学家们看待 最有创造力的人的生命的时候 他们寻找到的 是那些擅长变换思维的人 提出想法的人 但是他们同时也有着极为显著的偏内向的痕迹

and this is because solitude is a crucial ingredient often to creativity。 so darwin, he took long walks alone in the woods and emphatically turned down dinner party invitations。theodor geisel, better known as dr。 seuss, he dreamed up many of his amazing creations in a lonely bell tower office that he had in the back of his house in la jolla, california。 and he was actually afraid to meet the young children who read his books for fear that they were expecting him this kind of jolly santa claus—like figure and would be disappointed with his more reserved persona。 steve wozniak invented the first apple computer sitting alone in his cubical in hewlett—packard where he was working at the time。 and he says that he never would have become such an expert in the first place had he not been too introverted to leave the house when he was growing up。

这是因为独处是非常关键的因素 对于创造力来说 所以达尔文 自己一个人漫步在小树林里 并且断然拒绝了晚餐派对的邀约 西奥多·盖索,更多时候以苏索博士的名号知名 他梦想过很多的惊人的创作 在他在加利福尼亚州拉霍亚市房子的后面的 一座孤独的束层的塔形办公室中 而且其实他很害怕见面 见那些读过他的书的年轻的孩子们 害怕他们会期待他 这样一位令人愉快的,圣诞老人形象的人物 同时又会因发现他含蓄缄默的性格而失望 史蒂夫·沃兹尼亚克发明了第一台苹果电脑 一个人独自坐在他的机柜旁 在他当时工作的惠普公司 并且他说他永远不会在那方面成为一号专家 但他还没因太内向到要离开那里 那个他成长起来的地方

now of course, this does not mean that we should all stop collaborating —— and case in point, is steve wozniak famously coming together with steve jobs to start apple computer —— but it does mean that solitude matters and that for some people it is the air that they breathe。 and in fact, we have known for centuries about the transcendent power of solitude。 it's only recently that we've strangely begun to forget it。 if you look at most of the world's major religions, you will find seekers —— moses, jesus, buddha, muhammad ——seekers who are going off by themselves alone to the wilderness where they then have profound epiphanies and revelations that they then bring back to the rest of the community。 so no wilderness, no revelations。

当然了 这并不意味着我们都应该停止合作—— 恰当的例子呢,是史蒂夫·沃兹尼亚克和史蒂夫·乔布斯的著名联手 创建苹果电脑公司—— 但是这并不意味着和独处有重大关系 并且对于一些人来说 这是他们赖以呼吸生存的空气 事实上,几个世纪以来我们已经非常明白 独处的卓越力量只是到了最近,非常奇怪,我们开始遗忘它了 如果你看看世界上主要的宗教 你会发现探寻者—— 摩西,耶稣,佛祖,那些独身去探寻的人们 在大自然的旷野中独处,思索 在那里,他们有了深刻的顿悟和对于奥义的揭示 之后他们把这些思想带回到社会的其他地方去没有旷原,没有启示

this is no surprise though if you look at the insights of contemporary psychology。 it turns out that we can't even be in a group of people without instinctively mirroring, mimicking their opinions。 even about seemingly personal and visceral things like who you're attracted to, you will start aping the beliefs of the people around you without even realizing that that's what you're doing。

尽管这并不令人惊讶 如果你注意到现代心理学的思想理论 它反映出来我们甚至不能和一组人待在一起 而不去本能地模仿他们的意见与想法 甚至是看上去私人的,发自内心的事情 像是你被谁所吸引 你会开始模仿你周围的人的信仰 甚至都觉察不到你自己在做什么

and groups famously follow the opinions of the most dominant or charismatic person in the room, even though there's zero correlation between being the best talker and having the best ideas —— i mean zero。 so 。。。 (laughter) you might be following the person with the best ideas, but you might not。 and do you really want to leave it up to chance? much better for everybody to go off by themselves, generate their own ideas freed from the distortions of group dynamics, and then come together as a team to talk them through in a well—managed environment and take it from there。

还曾跟随群体的意见 跟随着房间里最具有统治力的,最有领袖气质的人的思路 虽然这真的没什么关系 在成为一个卓越的演讲家还是拥有最好的主意之间—— 我的意思是“零相关” 那么。。。(笑声) 你们或许会跟随有最好头脑的人 但是你们也许不会 可你们真的想把这机会扔掉吗?如果每个人都自己行动或许好得多 发掘他们自己的想法 没有群体动力学的曲解 接着来到一起组成一个团队 在一个良好管理的环境中互相交流 并且在那里学习别的思想

now if all this is true, then why are we getting it so wrong? why are we setting up our schools this way and our workplaces? and why are we making these introverts feel so guilty about wanting to just go off by themselves some of the time? one answer lies deep in our cultural history。 western societies, and in particular the u。s。, have always favored the man of action over the man of contemplation and "man" of contemplation。 but in america's early days, we lived in what historians call a culture of character, where we still, at that point, valued people for their inner selves and their moral rectitude。 and if you look at the self—help books from this era, they all had titles with things like "character, the grandest thing in the world。" and they featured role models like abraham lincoln who was praised for being modest and unassuming。 ralph waldo emerson called him "a man who does not offend by superiority。"

如果说现在这一切都是真的 那么为什么我们还得到这样错误的结论? 为什么我们要这样创立我们的学校,还有我们的工作单位? 为什么我们要让这些内向的人觉得那么愧疚 。对于他们只是想要离开,一个人独处一段时间的事实? 有一个答案在我们的文化史中埋藏已久 西方社会特别是在美国 总是偏爱有行动的人 而不是有深刻思考的人 有深刻思考的“人” 但是在美国早期的时候 我们生活在一个被历史学家称作“性格特征”的文化 那时我们仍然,在这点上,判断人们的价值 从人们的内涵和道义正直 而且如果你看一看这个时代关于自立的书籍的话 它们都有这样一种标题: “性格”,世界上最伟大的事物 并且它们以亚伯拉罕·林肯这样的为标榜 一个被形容为谦虚低调的男人 拉尔夫·瓦尔多·爱默生称他是 “一个以‘优越’二字形容都不为过的人”

but then we hit the 20th century and we entered a new culture that historians call the culture of personality。 what happened is we had evolved an agricultural economy to a world of big business。 and so suddenly people are moving from small towns to the cities。and instead of working alongside people they've known all their lives, now they are having to prove themselves in a crowd of strangers。 so, quite understandably, qualities like magnetism and charisma suddenly come to seem really important。 and sure enough, the self—help books change to meet these new needs and they start to have names like "how to win friends and influence people。" and they feature as their role models really great salesmen。 so that's the world we're living in today。 that's our cultural inheritance。

但是接着我们来到了二十世纪 并且我们融入了一种新的文化 一种被历史学家称作“个性”的文化 所发生的改变就是我们从农业经济发展为 一个大商业经济的世界 而且人们突然开始搬迁从小的城镇搬向城市 并且一改他们之前的在生活中和所熟识的人们一起工作的方式 现在他们在一群陌生人中间有必要去证明自己 这样做是非常可以理解的 像领袖气质和个人魅力这样的品质 突然间似乎变得极为重要 那么可以肯定的是,自助自立的书的内容变更了以适应这些新的需求 并且它们开始拥有名称 像是《如何赢得朋友和影响他人》(戴尔?卡耐基所著《人性的弱点》) 他们的特点是做自己的榜样 不得不说确实是好的推销员 所以这就是我们今天生活的世界 这是我们的文化遗产

now none of this is to say that social skills are unimportant, and i'm also not calling for the abolishing of teamwork at all。 the same religions who send their sages off to lonely mountain tops also teach us love and trust。 and the problems that we are facing today in fields like science and in economics are so vast and so complex that we are going to need armies of people coming together to solve them working together。 but i am saying that the more freedom that we give introverts to be themselves, the more likely that they are to come up with their own unique solutions to these problems。

现在没有谁能够说 社交技能是不重要的 并且我也不是想呼吁 大家废除团队合作模式 但仍是相同的宗教,却把他们的圣人送到了孤独的山顶上 仍然教导我们爱与信任 还有我们今天所要面对的问题 像是在科学和经济领域 是如此的巨大和复杂 以至于我们需要人们强有力地团结起来 共同解决这些问题 但是我想说,越给内向者自由让他们做自己 他们就做得越好 去想出他们独特的关于问题的解决办法

so now i'd like to share with you what's in my suitcase today。 guess what? books。 i have a suitcase full of books。 here's margaret atwood, "cat's eye。" here's a novel by milan kundera。 and here's "the guide for the perplexed" by maimonides。 but these are not exactly my books。 i brought these books with me because they were written by my grandfather's favorite authors。

所以现在我很高兴同你们分享 我手提箱中的东西 猜猜是什么? 书 我有一个手提箱里面装满了书 这是玛格丽特·阿特伍德的《猫的眼睛》 这是一本米兰·昆德拉的书 这是一本《迷途指津》 是迈蒙尼德写的 但这些实际上都不是我的书 我还是带着它们,陪伴着我 因为它们都是我祖父最喜爱的作家所写

my grandfather was a rabbi and he was a widower who lived alone in a small apartment in brooklyn that was my favorite place in the world when i was growing up, partly because it was filled with his very gentle, very courtly presence and partly because it was filled with books。 i mean literally every table, every chair in this apartment had yielded its original function to now serve as a surface for swaying stacks of books。 just like the rest of my family, my grandfather's favorite thing to do in the whole world was to read。

我的祖父是一名犹太教祭司 他独身一人 在布鲁克林的一间小公寓中居住 那里是我从小到大在这个世界上最喜爱的地方 部分原因是他有着非常温和亲切的,温文尔雅的举止 部分原因是那里充满了书 我的意思是,毫不夸张地说,公寓中的每张桌子,每张椅子 都充分应用着它原有的功能 就是现在作为承载一大堆都在摇曳的书的表面 就像我其他的家庭成员一样 我祖父在这个世界上最喜欢做的事情就是阅读

but he also loved his congregation, and you could feel this love in the sermons that he gave every week for the 62 years that he was a rabbi。 he would takes the fruits of each week's reading and he would weave these intricate tapestries of ancient and humanist thought。 and people would come from all over to hear him speak。

但是他同样也热爱他的宗教 并且你们可以从他的讲述中感觉到他这种爱 这62年来每周他都作为一名犹太教的祭司 他会从每周的阅读中汲取养分 并且他会编织这些错综复杂的古代和人文主义的思想的挂毯 并且人们会从各个地方前来 听他的讲话

but here's the thing about my grandfather。 underneath this ceremonial role, he was really modest and really introverted —— so much so that when he delivered these sermons, he had trouble making eye contact with the very same congregation that he had been speaking to for 62 years。 and even away from the podium, when you called him to say hello, he would often end the conversation prematurely for fear that he was taking up too much of your time。 but when he died at the age of 94, the police had to close down the streets of his neighborhood to accommodate the crowd of people who came out to mourn him。 and so these days i try to learn from my grandfather's example in my own way。

但是有这么一件关于我祖父的事情 在这个正式的角色下隐藏着 他是一个非常谦虚的非常内向的人 是那么的谦虚内向以至于当他在向人们讲述的时候 他都不敢有视线上的接触 和同样的教堂会众 他已经发言有62年了 甚至都还远离领奖台 当你们让他说“你好”的时候 他总会提早结束这对话 担心他会占用你太多的时间 但是当他94岁去世的时候 警察们需要封锁他所居住的街道邻里 来容纳拥挤的人们 前来哀悼他的人们 这些天来我都试着从我祖父的事例中学习 以我自己的方式

so i just published a book about introversion, and it took me about seven years to write。and for me, that seven years was like total bliss, because i was reading, i was writing, i was thinking, i was researching。 it was my version of my grandfather's hours of the day alone in his library。 but now all of a sudden my job is very different, and my job is to be out here talking about it, talking about introversion。 (laughter) and that's a lot harder for me,because as honored as i am to be here with all of you right now, this is not my natural milieu。

所以我就出版了一本关于内向性格的书 它花了我7年的时间完成它 而对我来说,这七年像是一种极大的喜悦 因为我在阅读,我在写作 我在思考,我在探寻 这是我的版本 对于爷爷一天中几个小时都要独自待在图书馆这件事 但是现在突然间我的工作变得很不同了 我的工作变成了站在这里讲述它 讲述内向的性格 (笑声) 而且这对于我来说是有一点困难的 因为我很荣幸 在现在被你们所有人所倾听 这可不是我自然的文化背景

so i prepared for moments like these as best i could。 i spent the last year practicing public speaking every chance i could get。 and i call this my "year of speaking dangerously。" (laughter) and that actually helped a lot。 but i'll tell you, what helps even more is my sense, my belief, my hope that when it comes to our attitudes to introversion and to quiet and to solitude, we truly are poised on the brink on dramatic change。 i mean, we are。 and so i am going to leave you now with three calls for action for those who share this vision。

所以我准备了一会就像这样 以我所能做到的最好的方式 我花了最近一年的时间练习在公共场合发言 在我能得到的每一个机会中 我把这一年称作我的“危险地发言的一年” (笑声) 而且它的确帮了我很大的忙 但是我要告诉你们一个帮我更大的忙的事情 那就是我的感觉,我的信仰,我的希望 当谈及我们态度的时候 对于内向性格的,对于安静,对于独处的态度时 我们确实是在急剧变化的边缘上保持微妙的平衡 我的意思是,我们在保持平衡 现在我将要给你们留下一些东西 三件对于你们的行动有帮助的事情 献给那些观看我的演讲的人

number one: stop the madness for constant group work。 just stop it。 (laughter) thank you。 (applause) and i want to be clear about what i'm saying, because i deeply believe our offices should be encouraging casual, chatty cafe—style types of interactions —— you know, the kind where people come together and serendipitously have an exchange of ideas。that is great。 it's great for introverts and it's great for extroverts。 but we need much more privacy and much more freedom and much more autonomy at work。 school, same thing。we need to be teaching kids to work together, for sure, but we also need to be teaching them how to work on their own。 this is especially important for extroverted children too。they need to work on their own because that is where deep thought comes from in part。

第一: 停止对于经常要团队协作的执迷与疯狂 停止它就好了 (笑声) 谢谢你们 (掌声) 我想让我所说的事情变得清晰一些 因为我对于我们的办公深信不疑 应该鼓励它们 那种休闲随意的,聊天似的咖啡厅式的相互作用—— 你们知道的,道不同不相为谋,人们聚到一起 并且互相交换着宝贵的意见 这是很棒的 这对于内向者很好,同样对于外向者也好 但是我们需要更多的隐私和更多的自由 还有更多对于我们本身工作的自主权 对于学校,也是同样的。 我们当然需要教会孩子们要一起学习工作 但是我们同样需要教会孩子们怎么样独立完成任务 这对于外向的孩子们来说同样是极为重要的 他们需要独立完成工作 因为从某种程度上,这是他们深刻思考的来源

okay, number two: go to the wilderness。 be like buddha, have your own revelations。 i'm not saying that we all have to now go off and build our own cabins in the woods and never talk to each other again, but i am saying that we could all stand to unplug and get inside our own heads a little more often。

好了,第二个:去到野外(打开思维) 就像佛祖一样,拥有你们自己对于事物的揭示启迪 我并不是说 我们都要跑去小树林里建造我们自己的小屋 并且之后就永远不和别人说话了 但是我要说我们都可以坚持去去除一些障碍物 然后深入我们自己的大脑思想 时不时得再深入一点

number three: take a good look at what's inside your own suitcase and why you put it there。 so extroverts, maybe your suitcases are also full of books。 or maybe they're full of champagne glasses or skydiving equipment。 whatever it is, i hope you take these things out every chance you get and grace us with your energy and your joy。 but introverts, you being you, you probably have the impulse to guard very carefully what's inside your own suitcase。 and that's okay。 but occasionally, just occasionally, i hope you will open up your suitcases for other people to see, because the world needs you and it needs the things you carry。

第三点: 好好看一眼你的旅行箱内有什么东西 还有你为什么把它放进去 所以外向者们 也许你们的箱子内同样堆满了书 或者它们装满了香槟的玻璃酒杯 或者是跳伞运动的设备 不管它是什么,我希望每当你们有机会你们就把它拿出来 用你的能量和你的快乐让我们感受到美和享受 但是内向者们,你们作为内向者 你们很可能有仔细保护一切的冲动 在你箱子里的东西 这没有问题 但是偶尔地,只是说偶尔地 我希望你们可以打开你们的手提箱,让别人看一看 因为这个世界需要你们,同样需要你们身上所携带的你们特有的事物

so i wish you the best of all possible journeys and the courage to speak softly。

所以对于你们即将走上的所有旅程,我都给予你们我最美好的祝愿 还有温柔地说话的勇气

thank you。 thank you。

非常感谢你们

(掌声)

经典ted英语演讲稿 篇六

the power of yet.

专注过程,而不是结果。

i heard about a highschool in chicago where students had to pass a certain number of courses tograduate, and if they didn't pass a course, they got the grade "notyet." and i thought that was fantastic, because if you get a failinggrade, you think, i'm nothing, i'm nowhere. but if you get the grade "notyet" you understand that you're on a learning curve. it gives you a pathinto the future.

我听说,在芝加哥有一所高中,那儿的学生毕业前要通过一系列课程,如果某一门课没有通过,成绩就是「暂未通过」。我想,这真是个绝妙的做法,因为,如果你某门课的成绩不及格,你会想,我什么都不是,我什么都没有学到。但如果你的成绩是「暂未通过」,你会明白,学习的步伐并没有停下,你还需逐步向前,争取未来。

"not yet"also gave me insight into a critical event early in my career, a real turningpoint. i wanted to see how children coped with challenge and difficulty, so igave 10-year-olds problems that were slightly too hard for them. some of them reactedin a shockingly positive way. they said things like, "i love achallenge," or, "you know, i was hoping this would beinformative."

「暂未通过」也让我联想起一件尤为重要的、发生在我职业生涯初期的事情,这件事对我而言是一个转折点。当时,我想探究孩子是如何应对挑战和困难的,因此,我让一些10岁大的孩子尝试解决一些对于他们而言稍稍偏难的问题。一些孩子积极应对的方式让我感到震惊。他们会这样说,「我喜欢挑战,」或说,「你知道的,我希望能有所获。」

they understood that their abilities could be developed.they had what i call a growth mindset. but other students felt it was tragic,catastrophic. from their more fixed mindset perspective, their intelligence hadbeen up for judgment and they failed. instead of luxuriating in the power ofyet, they were gripped in the tyranny of now.

这些孩子明白,他们的能力是可以提升的。他们有我所说的成长型思维模式。但另一些孩子觉得面对这些难题是不幸,宛如面对一场灾难。从他们的固定型思维角度来看,他们的才智受到了评判,而他们失败了。他们不懂得享受学习的过程,而只盯住眼前的成与败。

so what do they donext? i'll tell you what they do next. in one study, they told us they wouldprobably cheat the next time instead of studying more if they failed a test. inanother study, after a failure, they looked for someone who did worse than theydid so they could feel really good about themselves. and in study after study,they have run from difficulty.

这些孩子们后面表现如何?让我告诉你他们的表现。在一项研究中,他们告诉我们,如果他们某次考试未通过,他们很可能会在下次考试中作弊,而不是更加努力地学习。在另一项研究中,他们挂了一门后,他们会找到那些考得还不如他们高的孩子,以寻求自我安慰。后续的研究陆续表明,他们会逃避困难。

scientists measured the electrical activity fromthe brain as students confronted an error. on the left, you see the fixedmindset students. there's hardly any activity. they run from the error. theydon't engage with it. but on the right, you have the students with the growthmindset, the idea that abilities can be developed. they engage deeply. theirbrain is on fire with yet. they engage deeply. they process the error. theylearn from it and they correct it.

科学家们监测了学生们面对错误时的脑电活动图像。在左侧,是固定型思维模式的学生,几乎没有什么活动。他们在错误面前选择了逃避。他们没有积极地投入。但请看右侧,这是成长型思维模式的学生,这些学生相信能力会通过锻炼得以提升。他们积极地应对错误。他们的大脑在高速运转,他们积极地投入,他们剖析错误,从中学习,最终订正。

how are we raising ourchildren? are we raising them for now instead of yet? are we raising kids whoare obsessed with getting a's? are we raising kids who don't know how to dreambig dreams? their biggest goal is getting the next a or the next test score?

如今我们是如何教育孩子的呢?是教育他们专注眼前,而不是注重过程吗?我们培育了一些迷恋刷a的孩子们吗?我们培育了没有远大理想的孩子们吗?他们最远大的目标就是再拿一个a,心里所想的就是下一次考试吗?

and are they carrying this need for constant validation with them into theirfuture lives? maybe, because employers are coming to me and saying, we havealready raised a generation of young workers who can't get through the daywithout an award.

他们在今后的生活中,都以分数的高低来评判自己吗?或许是的,因为企业雇主们跑来找我,说我们养育的这新一代走上工作岗位的人,如果不给他们奖励,他们一天都过不下去。

so what can we do? howcan we build that bridge to yet?

我们该怎么做呢?如何让孩子注重过程而不是结果呢?

here are some things wecan do. first of all, we can praise wisely, not praising intelligence ortalent. that has failed. don't do that anymore. but praising the process thatkids engage in: their effort, their strategies, their focus, theirperseverance, their improvement. this process praise creates kids who are hardyand resilient.

我们可以做这样几件事。首先,我们可以有技巧地去表扬:不去表扬天分或才智,这行不通。不要再这样做了。而是要对孩子积极投入的过程进行表扬:他们的努力与策略,他们的专注、坚持与进步。对过程的表扬,会塑造孩子的韧性。

there are other ways toreward yet. we recently teamed up with game scientists from the university ofwashington to create a new online math game that rewarded yet. in this game,students were rewarded for effort, strategy and progress. the usual math gamerewards you for getting answers right right now, but this game rewardedprocess. and we got more effort, more strategies, more engagement over longerperiods of time, and more perseverance when they hit really, really hardproblems.

还有其他的办法来奖励过程。最近,我们与来自华盛顿大学的游戏研究者合作,制作了一款奖励过程的数学游戏。在这个游戏中,学生们因他们的努力、策略与进步而受到奖励。通常的数学游戏中,玩家只有在解得正确答案后才能得到奖励,但这个游戏奖励过程。随着游戏的深入,孩子们更加努力,想出更多的策略,身心更加投入,当遇到尤为困难的问题时,他们也展现了更为持久的韧劲。

just the words"yet" or "not yet," we're finding, give kids greaterconfidence, give them a path into the future that creates greater persistence.and we can actually change students' mindsets. in one study, we taught themthat every time they push out of their comfort zone to learn something new anddifficult, the neurons in their brain can form new, stronger connections, andover time they can get smarter.

我们发现,注重过程的思维模式,会赋予孩子们更多自信,指引他们不断向前,越发坚持不懈。事实上,我们能够改变学生的思维模式。在一项研究中,我们告诉学生们,每当他们迫使自己走出舒适区,学习新知识,迎接新挑战,大脑中的神经元会形成新的、更强的连接,他们会逐渐变得越来越聪明。

look what happened: inthis study, students who were not taught this growth mindset continued to showdeclining grades over this difficult school transition, but those who weretaught this lesson showed a sharp rebound in their grades. we have shown thisnow, this kind of improvement, with thousands and thousands of kids, especiallystruggling students.

看看后面发生了什么吧:在这项研究中,没有接受成长型思维模式训练的学生,在这一困难的过渡阶段,成绩持续下滑,但那些受过该训练的学生,成绩强势反弹,卓有起色。如今,我们已证实这一结论,通过成千上万个孩子的实例,尤其是那些在学业上挣扎的孩子。

so let's talk aboutequality. in our country, there are groups of students who chronically underperform,for example, children in inner cities, or children on native americanreservations. and they've done so poorly for so long that many people thinkit's inevitable. but when educators create growth mindset classrooms steeped inyet, equality happens.

那我们就来谈谈教育平等吧。在我们国家,有些特定区域的孩子总是在学业上处于下游,比如,内城区的孩子,或印第安人居留地里的孩子。长期以来这里的孩子都没什么起色, 以致于很多人认为没的救了。但是当教育家们将孩子的思维转变为成长型思维模式时,教育平等实现了。

and here are just a few examples. in one year, akindergarten class in harlem, new york scored in the 95th percentile on thenational achievement test. many of those kids could not hold a pencil when theyarrived at school. in one year, fourth grade students in the south bronx, waybehind, became the number one fourth grade class in the state of new york onthe state math test. in a year to a year and a half, native american studentsin a school on a reservation went from the bottom of their district to the top,and that district included affluent sections of seattle. so the native kidsoutdid the microsoft kids.

举几个例子吧。纽约哈莱姆区的一所幼儿园的学生在一年的时间内,国家水平测试(nationalachievement test) 成绩飞跃到前百分之五。这些孩子中有很多在入学时甚至还不会握笔。一年之内,远远落后的南布朗克斯区的四年级学生,其标准数学测试成绩攀升到纽约州所有四年级学生的第一名。在一年到一年半的时间内, 某印第安人居留地的一所学校里的学生成绩从全区垫底到名列前茅,而这个区包括了西雅图市的富饶地段。印第安孩子战胜了「微软」孩子。

this happened becausethe meaning of effort and difficulty were transformed. before, effort anddifficulty made them feel dumb, made them feel like giving up, but now, effortand difficulty, that's when their neurons are making new connections, strongerconnections. that's when they're getting smarter.

这得以实现的原因,是努力与困难的意义在孩子心目中发生了改变。在此之前,努力与困难让他们感觉自己很笨,让他们想放弃,但如今,正是努力与困难让他们大脑中的神经元得以形成新的连接,更强的连接。正是在这个过程中,他们变得越来越聪明。

i received a letterrecently from a 13-year-old boy. he said, "dear professor dweck, iappreciate that your writing is based on solid scientific research, and that'swhy i decided to put it into practice. i put more effort into my schoolwork,into my relationship with my family, and into my relationship with kids atschool, and i experienced great improvement in all of those areas. i nowrealize i've wasted most of my life."

最近,我收到一个13岁男孩的来信。他说,「亲爱的德韦克教授,我欣赏你的著作,因为它们都基于可靠的科学试验,因此,我决定将你的方法付诸实践。我更用功地学习,更用心地处好与家人的关系,与同学的关系,而在这些方面我都有了长足的进步。现在我才意识到,过去浪费了太多生命。」

let's not waste anymore lives, because once we know that abilities are capable of such growth, itbecomes a basic human right for children, all children, to live in places thatcreate that growth, to live in places filled with yet.

让我们不再浪费生命, 因为,既然我们知道 能力可以增长,那么,生活在一个能激发进步并让这一切变得可能的地方就是每个孩子的权利。

thank you.(applause)

谢谢。(掌声)

读书破万卷下笔如有神,以上就是差异网为大家带来的6篇《ted演讲稿》,希望可以对您的写作有一定的参考作用,更多精彩的范文样本、模板格式尽在差异网。

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